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J Am Soc Nephrol. 2003 Mar;14(3):575-83.

The calcimimetic AMG 073 as a potential treatment for secondary hyperparathyroidism of end-stage renal disease.

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  • 1Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA. Quar1001@mc.duke.edu

Abstract

Current treatment of secondary hyperparathyroidism in chronic kidney failure with calcium and active vitamin D is potentially limited by hypercalcemia and hyperphosphatemia. AMG 073 represents a new class of compounds for the treatment of hyperparathyroidism known as calcimimetics, which reduce parathyroid hormone (PTH) synthesis and secretion by increasing the sensitivity of the parathyroid calcium-sensing receptor (CaR) to extracellular calcium. The current study evaluates the efficacy and safety of AMG 073 when added to conventional treatment of secondary hyperparathyroidism in end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Seventy-one hemodialysis patients with uncontrolled secondary hyperparathyroidism, despite standard therapy with calcium, phosphate binders, and active vitamin D sterols, were treated in this 18-wk, dose-titration study with single daily oral doses of AMG 073/placebo up to 100 mg. Changes in plasma PTH, serum calcium, serum phosphorus, and calcium x phosphorus levels were compared between AMG 073 and placebo groups. Mean PTH decreased by 33% in the AMG 073 patients compared with an increase of 3% in placebo patients (P = 0.001). A significantly greater proportion of AMG 073 patients (44%) had a mean PTH < or = 250 pg/ml compared with placebo patients (20%; P = 0.029). Also, a significantly greater proportion of AMG 073 patients (53%) had a decrease in PTH > or =30% compared with placebo patients (23%; P = 0.009). Calcium x phosphorus levels decreased by 7.9% in AMG 073 patients compared with an increase of 11.3% in placebo patients (P = 0.013). Adverse event rates were low and mostly mild to moderate in severity; however, the incidence of vomiting was higher in AMG 073 patients. In this study, the calcimimetic AMG 073 at doses up to 100 mg for 18 wk provided a safe and effective means to attain significant reductions in PTH and calcium x phosphorus levels in ESRD patients. AMG 073 represents a novel and promising therapy to improve the management of secondary hyperparathyroidism.

PMID:
12595492
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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