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Bull Entomol Res. 2003 Feb;93(1):47-54.

European monitoring of resistance to insecticides in Myzus persicae and Aphis gossypii (Hemiptera: Aphididae) with special reference to imidacloprid.

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Bayer CropScience AG, Global Biology Insecticides, Alfred Nobel Str 50, D-40789 Monheim, Germany.


The susceptibility to several insecticides of 16 and 8 strains of Myzus persicae Sulzer and Aphis gossypii Glover, respectively, received from different European countries in 2001 was investigated. Most of the strains were derived from places known for their aphid resistance problems to conventional insecticides before imidacloprid was introduced. In many regions and agronomic cropping systems imidacloprid has been an essential part of aphid control strategies for a decade, and therefore the susceptibility of aphid populations to imidacloprid using FAO-dip tests and diagnostic concentrations in a leaf-dip bioassay was checked. Additional insecticides tested were cyfluthrin (chemical class: pyrethroid), pirimicarb (carbamate), methamidophos and oxydemeton-methyl (organophosphates). Diagnostic concentrations (LC99-values of reference strains) for each insecticide were established by dose response analysis using a new leaf-disc dip bioassay format in 6-well tissue culture plates. Virtually no resistance to imidacloprid in any of the field-derived populations of M. persicae and A. gossypii was detected. In contrast, strong resistance was found to pirimicarb and oxydemeton-methyl, and to a lesser extent also to cyfluthrin. Two strains of A. gossypii exhibited reduced susceptibility to imidacloprid when tested directly after collection. However, after maintaining them for six weeks in the laboratory, the aphids were as susceptible as the reference strain. The diagnostic concentration of methamidophos did not reveal any resistance in M. persicae, but did so in four strains of A. gossypii.

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