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J Med Chem. 2003 Feb 27;46(5):734-46.

Design and synthesis of plasmepsin I and plasmepsin II inhibitors with activity in Plasmodium falciparum-infected cultured human erythrocytes.

Author information

1
Division of Organic Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Uppsala University, Box 574, SE - 751 23 Uppsala, Sweden.

Abstract

A series of protease inhibitors targeted at the malarial enzymes plasmepsin I and II, and encompassing a basic hydroxyethylamine transition state isostere scaffold, was prepared. The substituents in the P1' position were varied and the biological activities expressed in K(i)-values ranged from 60 to >2000 nM. A more than 4-fold selectivity for either of the plasmepsins could be achieved. All of the active compounds exhibited high preference for the plasmepsins over cathepsin D, the most closely related human protease. A few active compounds were shown to inhibit parasite growth in cultured infected human erythrocytes. An ED(50) value as low as 1.6 microM was observed for one of the inhibitors despite K(i) values of 115 nM (Plm I) and 121 nM (Plm II).

PMID:
12593654
DOI:
10.1021/jm020951i
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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