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Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 1976 Jan-Feb;85(1 Pt 1):94-100.

Sudden deafnfess of vascular origin: a human temporal bone study.


Temporal bone changes are described in a 57-year-old man who had sudden onset of dizziness and unilateral deafness two months before death. The patient suffered from hypertension, and congestive and renal failure. At autopsy, subarachnoid hemorrhage with punctate cortical hemorrhages and arteriolar thickening involved the right superior cerebellar hemisphere. The pathological changes involved primarily the right cochlea, saccule and posterior ampulla, and were consistent with vascular embarrassment of the temporal bone of two months duration. The cochlea demonstrated total loss of the organ of Corti and severe degenerative changes of the stria vascularis, spiral ligament, outer sulcus cells and distal cochlear nerve fibers. The saccule demonstrated loss of its macula and nerve fibers. The posterior ampulla showed evidence of previous rupture of its membranous wall with fibrosis and beginning bone formation. Fresh hemorrhage, present in some areas of both temporal bones, was related to the patient's terminal subarachnoid hemorrhage.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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