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Dev Biol. 2003 Feb 15;254(2):163-71.

Maturation-associated increase in IP3 receptor type 1: role in conferring increased IP3 sensitivity and Ca2+ oscillatory behavior in mouse eggs.

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Center for Research on Reproduction and Women's Health, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104-6018, USA.


Maturation of mouse oocytes is accompanied by an increase in sensitivity to inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP(3))-mediated release of intracellular calcium. To test the hypothesis that the maturation-associated 1.5- to 2.0-fold increase in the mass of the type 1 IP(3) receptor (IP(3)R-1) confers this increase in IP(3) sensitivity, we employed RNA interference to prevent this change in IP(3)R-1 protein level. Microinjection into germinal vesicle (GV)-intact oocytes of dsRNA corresponding to the IP(3)R-1 sequence resulted in a >90% reduction in the amount of maternal IP(3)R-1 mRNA and prevented the maturation-associated increase in the mass of the IP(3)R-1 protein. These injected oocytes matured to metaphase II, and there was no effect on the maturation-associated increases in p34(cdc2)/cyclin B kinase and MAP kinase activities or the global pattern of protein synthesis. IP(3)-induced cortical granule exocytosis was significantly decreased in these eggs when compared with controls previously injected with enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) dsRNA. Following insemination, the IP(3)R-1 dsRNA-injected eggs displayed significantly fewer Ca(2+) transients than controls, and the duration of the first Ca(2+) transient was about half that of controls. These results support the hypothesis that the maturation-associated increase in the mass of IP(3)R-1 confers the increase in IP(3)-sensitivity that is observed following oocyte maturation and is necessary for the proper Ca(2+) oscillatory pattern following insemination.

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