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Am Heart J. 1976 Mar;91(3):325-31.

Dopamine effects on the intestinal circulation.


The effects of intra-arterial infusion of dopamine on superior mesenteric artery blood flow, intestinal flow, intestinal oxygen consumption, and capillary density were studied in anesthetized dogs before and after blockade of dopamine receptors with haloperidol and after beta-adrenergic receptor blockade with propranolol. Mesenteric blood flow to a distal segment of the small intestine was measured with an electromagnetic blood flow-meter and intestinal oxygen consumption was calculated from the measured arteriovenous oxygen difference across the intestine and total blood flow. Intestinal capillary density was estimated from the clearance of 86Rb. In normal animals prior to dopaminergic or beta-adrenergic blockade, dopamine caused a dose-related decrease in mesenteric blood flow, intestinal oxygen consumption, and 86Rb clearance. Only the lowest dose of the drug, 1 mug/Kg.-min., did not significantly change the intestinal capillary density. In dogs pretreated with the dopamine receptor, antogonist, haloperidol, dopamine (20 mug/Kg.-min.) caused a significant increase in blood flow and oxygen consumption and did not significantly alter the number of perfused intestinal capillaries. These increases in haloperidol-blocked animals administered dopamine were reversed by propranolol. Our results indicate that dopamine caused smooth muscle contraction in mesenteric arterioles and precapillary sphincters, thereby producing intestinal ischemia and hypoxia. These findings with haloperidol and propranolol indicate that dopamine stimulates at least two different receptors in the canine mesenteric vascular bed: a constrictor receptor blocked by haloperidol and a dilator receptor blocked by propranolol.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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