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Braz J Infect Dis. 2002 Dec;6(6):288-97.

Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia: comparison of two periods and a predictive model of mortality.

Author information

1
Division of Infectious Disease of Marília Medical School, Division of Infectious Disease of Federal University of São Paulo, SP, Brazil. lucien@famema.br

Abstract

Staphylococcus aureus is an important pathogen causing bacteremia, primarily affecting hospitalized patients. We studied the epidemiology of S. aureus bacteremia, comparing two periods (early and mid 1990s) and developed a predictive model of mortality. A nested case-control was done. All 251 patients over 14 years old with positive blood cultures for S. aureus were selected. MRSA (methicillin resistant S. aureus) was isolated in 63% of the cases. When comparing the two periods MRSA community-acquired bacteremia increased from 4% to 16% (p=0.01). There was no significant difference in the mortality rate between the two periods (39% and 33%, p=0.40). Intravascular catheters provoked 24% of the cases of bacteremia and were associated with the lowest rate of mortality. In a logistic regression analysis, three variables were associated with death: septic shock, source of bacteraemia and resistance to methicillin. The probability of dying among patients with MRSA and those with methicillin sensitive S. aureus bacteraemia ranged from 10% to 90% and from 4% to 76%, respectively, depending on the source of the bacteraemia and the occurrence of septic shock. The MRSA found in Brazil may be a particularly virulent strain.

PMID:
12585972
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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