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Surg Endosc. 2003 Apr;17(4):610-4. Epub 2003 Feb 17.

Laparoscopic management of complications following laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass for morbid obesity.

Author information

1
Department of Surgery, Temple University Clinical Campus at the Western Pennsylvania Hospital, 4800 Friendship Avenue, Pittsburgh, PA 15224, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

We reviewed our experience with complications following laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) that were managed laparoscopically.

METHODS:

A total of 246 consecutive morbidly obese patients (mean body mass index, 50.9 kg/m2) underwent LRYGB by three surgeons at two institutions. All patients met National Institutes of Health criteria for surgical treatment of morbid obesity. Patients were followed prospectively.

RESULTS:

A total of 62 patients (25.2%) developed 64 complications, 34 of which (13.8%) required a surgical intervention. Twenty-seven of the 34 procedures were performed laparoscopically. Gastrojejunostomy stricture was the most common complication (8.9%), followed by intestinal obstruction (7.3%) and gastrointestinal bleeding (4%). The intestinal obstruction was secondary to adhesions (n = 6), internal hernia at the level of the transverse mesocolon (n = 3), jejunojejunostomy stricture (n = 3), and cicatrix around the Roux limb at the level of the transverse mesocolon (n = 3). Other complications included gastrojejunostomy leak (1.6%), symptomatic gallstone disease (2.8%), and gastric remnant perforation (0.8%). One patient underwent a negative laparoscopy to rule out anastomotic leak. There were 3 deaths in this series of patients, 2 attributable to anastomotic leak.

CONCLUSIONS:

A variety of complications can present after LRYGB. Laparoscopy is an excellent technique to treat these complications.

PMID:
12582772
DOI:
10.1007/s00464-002-8826-6
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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