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J Urol. 2003 Mar;169(3):1143-9.

Suppression of prostate cancer induced bone remodeling by the endothelin receptor A antagonist atrasentan.

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  • 1Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center, the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

We examined the effects of atrasentan (endothelin-A receptor antagonist) on bone deposition and resorption markers and on bone scan index.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

This double-blind, randomized, placebo controlled clinical trial of hormone refractory prostate cancer patients was done at 74 medical centers in the United States and Europe. A total of 288 asymptomatic patients with hormone refractory prostate adenocarcinoma and evidence of metastatic disease were randomized to 1 of 3 treatment groups, namely 2.5 mg. atrasentan, 10 mg. atrasentan or placebo administered orally daily until disease progression. The main outcomes measures were changes in bone deposition markers (total alkaline phosphatase and bone alkaline phosphatase) and bone resorption (N-telopeptides, C-telopeptides and deoxypyridinoline), and in the bone scan index.

RESULTS:

At baseline markers of bone deposition and resorption were elevated 1.4 to 2.7-fold above respective upper limits of normal. Subjects receiving placebo experienced a 58% elevation in mean total alkaline phosphatase and a 99% elevation in mean bone alkaline phosphatase (p < 0.001), whereas subjects receiving 10 mg. atrasentan maintained stable mean total alkaline phosphatase and bone alkaline phosphatase values compared with baseline. N-telopeptides, C-telopeptides and deoxypyridinoline elevation from baseline were consistently less in patients receiving 10 mg. atrasentan compared with placebo. Similar trends were observed in subjects who received 2.5 mg. atrasentan. Changes in clinical bone scan studies paralleled bone marker changes.

CONCLUSIONS:

Atrasentan suppressed markers of biochemical and clinical prostate cancer progression in bone and demonstrates clinical activity for hormone refractory prostate cancer.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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