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J Urol. 2003 Mar;169(3):855-8.

Intermediate outcomes of dual renal allografts: the University of Washington experience.

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1
Department of Surgery, University of Washington, Seattle, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The increased survival advantage of renal transplantation with end stage renal disease combined with an increasing incidence of renal disease fuel an increasing disparity between supply and demand for transplantable kidneys. Despite efforts to increase cadaveric organ donation through education and publicity, the number of cadaveric kidneys transplanted has not increased and in the last year was surpassed by kidneys transplanted from living donors. In an effort to maximize cadaver organ donors use of kidneys from expanded criteria donors has been investigated. In select cases both donor kidneys have been transplanted into a single recipient, which is called dual renal transplant. We report on the 4-year dual renal transplant graft and patient outcomes and compare these to age matched single cadaver kidney transplants.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

A retrospective review of 10 dual renal transplant recipients and 10 age matched single cadaver kidney recipients was performed. All patients underwent transplantation at our university between January 1996 and February 1998. Mean followup was 4.1 years (range 2.5 to 5.1) for the dual kidney recipients and 3.6 (0.0 to 5.5) years for the control group.

RESULTS:

Of the 10 dual renal transplant recipients 7 remain alive and 3 died of nontransplant related causes. Of the 10 single recipients 8 are alive, 1 died of postoperative complications and 1 died of nontransplant related causes. When censored for death with a functioning graft, 7 of 10 dual grafts are functioning at followup with a mean creatinine clearance of 39.4 ml. per minute (range 16.1 to 65.9) and mean serum creatinine of 2.0 mg./dl. (1.1 to 3.9). If not censored for death with a functioning graft, 50% of dual grafts are functioning. Of the 3 graft losses 2 were due to recurrent disease and 1 was attributed to chronic rejection. In the control group 8 of 10 grafts are functioning at current followup (regardless of censoring for death with a functioning graft) with a mean creatinine clearance of 48.7 ml. per minute (range 23.4 to 66.5) and mean serum creatinine of 1.6 mg./dl. (1.2 to 2.4). Of the 2 graft losses 1 resulted from postoperative complications and 1 was due to chronic rejection. CONCLUSIONS At the 4-year followup patients undergoing dual renal transplant have comparable graft function, incidence of graft loss and survival compared to the control group. However, because of our small sample size, differences in the 2 groups may be significant in a larger study. Additional studies need to be conducted to determine if this practice represents an acceptable use of kidneys from expanded criteria donors.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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