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Br J Nutr. 2003 Feb;89(2):219-29.

Conjugated linoleic acid decreases fat accretion in pigs: evaluation by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry.

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Agriculture Victoria, Victorian Institute of Animal Science, 600 Sneydes Road, Werribee, VIC 3030, Australia.


Thirty female Large White x Landrace pigs (average weight 57.2 (sd 1.9) kg) were allocated to one of six dietary treatments containing 0, 1.25, 2.5, 5.0, 7.5 or 10.0 g 55 % conjugated linoleic acids (CLA) isomers (CLA-55)/kg diet and fed for 8 weeks. Each pig was scanned at 0, 28 and 56 d and again at post slaughter using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) to determine the temporal pattern of body composition responses. Values determined by DXA were adjusted using regression equations generated from validation experiments between chemically and DXA-predicted values. Overall, there was a significant linear reduction in fat content with the increasing levels of CLA in the diet (P=0.007, P=0.011, P=0.008 at week 4, week 8 and for the carcass, respectively). The greatest improvement was recorded at the early stages of CLA supplementation and for the highest dose of CLA (week 4, -19.2 % compared with week 8, -13.7 %). In the first 4 weeks of feeding CLA, pigs receiving 10 g CLA-55/kg diet deposited 93 g less fat/d than pigs fed basal diets (P=0.002) compared with only 6 g less fat than control animals in the final 4 weeks. Lean content and lean deposition rate were maximised at 5 and 2.5 g CLA-55/kg diet for the first 4 weeks (P=0.016) and the final 4 weeks of treatment respectively. DXA estimates of bone mineral content and bone mineral density were not affected by CLA supplementation throughout the experiment. These data demonstrate that dietary CLA decreases body fat in a dose-dependent manner and that the response is greatest over the initial 4 weeks of treatment.

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