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Med Clin North Am. 2003 Jan;87(1):175-92.

Perioperative evaluation and management of the patient with endocrine dysfunction.

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General Medical Consult Service, Loyola University Medical Center, Maywood, IL, USA.


Whenever possible, endocrine disorders should be identified and evaluated prior to surgery. A plan for perioperative management of diabetes should be based on the type of diabetes, what diabetes medications are taken, the status of diabetes control, and what type of surgery is planned. Perioperative management of diabetes must include bedside glucose monitoring. Patients with mild hypothyroidism can safely proceed with elective surgery. Elective surgery should be postponed for patients with moderate or severe hypothyroidism. Patients who have mild hyperthyroidism can undergo elective surgery with preoperative beta blockade. Elective surgery should not be done on patients with moderate or severe hyperthyroidism until they are euthyroid. Patients with pheochromocytoma need to be identified and properly treated before surgery to prevent perioperative cardiovascular complications. Patients who take endogenous steroids should have the status of their HPA axis determined prior to surgery. If the patient is undergoing moderate or major surgical stress and has documented or presumed HPA suppression, then stress doses of steroids should be give perioperatively.

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