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J Drug Target. 2002 Sep;10(6):489-95.

Drug targeting by solid lipid nanoparticles for dermal use.

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Department of Pharmacy (Pharmacology and Toxicology), Freie Universität Berlin, Königin-Luise-Str. 2+4, 14195 Berlin, Germany.


Long term topical glucocorticoid treatment can induce skin atrophy by the inhibition of fibroblasts. We, therefore, looked for the newly developed drug carriers that may contribute to a reduction of this risk by an epidermal targeting. Prednicarbate (PC, 0.25%) was incorporated into solid lipid nanoparticles of various compositions. Conventional PC cream of 0.25% and ointment served for reference. Local tolerability as well as drug penetration and metabolism were studied in excised human skin and reconstructed epidermis. With the latter drug recovery from the acceptor medium was about 2% of the applied amount following PC cream and ointment but 6.65% following nanoparticle dispersion. Most interestingly, PC incorporation into nanoparticles appeared to induce a localizing effect in the epidermal layer which was pronounced at 6 h and declined later. Dilution of the PC-loaded nanoparticle preparation with cream (1:9) did not reduce the targeting effect while adding drug-free nanoparticles to PC cream did not induce PC targeting. Therefore, the targeting effect is closely related to the PC-nanoparticles and not a result of either the specific lipid or PC adsorbance to the surface of the formerly drug free nanoparticles. Lipid nanoparticle-induced epidermal targeting may increase the benefit/risk ratio of topical therapy.

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