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J Immunol. 2003 Feb 15;170(4):1635-9.

Cutting edge: carbohydrate profiling identifies new pathogens that interact with dendritic cell-specific ICAM-3-grabbing nonintegrin on dendritic cells.

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Department of Medical Microbiology, Vrije Universiteit Medical Center, Van der Boechorstraat 7, 1081 BT Amsterdam, The Netherlands.


Dendritic cells (DC) are instrumental in handling pathogens for processing and presentation to T cells, thus eliciting an appropriate immune response. C-type lectins expressed by DC function as pathogen-recognition receptors; yet their specificity for carbohydrate structures on pathogens is not fully understood. In this study, we analyzed the carbohydrate specificity of DC-specific ICAM-3-grabbing nonintegrin (SIGN)/CD209, the recently documented HIV-1 receptor on DC. Our studies show that DC-SIGN binds with high affinity to both synthetic mannose- and fucose-containing glycoconjugates. These carbohydrate structures are abundantly expressed by pathogens as demonstrated by the affinity of DC-SIGN for natural surface glycans of the human pathogens Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Helicobacter pylori, Leishmania mexicana, and Schistosoma mansoni. This analysis expands our knowledge on the carbohydrate and pathogen-specificity of DC-SIGN and identifies this lectin to be central in pathogen-DC interactions.

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