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Biotechnol Prog. 2003 Jan-Feb;19(1):185-92.

Novel insect cell line capable of complex N-glycosylation and sialylation of recombinant proteins.

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School of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering and the Boyce Thompson Institute, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853, USA.


Paucimannose or oligomannose structures are usually attached to glycoproteins produced by insect cells, while mammalian glycoproteins usually have complex glycans. The lack of complex glycosylation has limited the use of the insect cell baculovirus expression vector system (BEVS), despite its high productivity and versatility. The availability of cell lines capable of complex glycosylation can overcome such a problem and potentially increase the utility of BEVS. In this work the capability of two novel cell lines, one from Pseudaletia unipuncta (A7S) and one from Danaus plexippus (DpN1), to produce and glycosylate a recombinant protein (secreted human placental alkaline phosphatase, SeAP) was assessed. SeAP produced by Tn5B1-4 cells at a low passage number (<200) was utilized for comparison. The optimal conditions for the production of SeAP by DpN1 cells were defined, and the glycosylation profiles of SeAP produced by the cell lines were quantitatively determined. Both the A7S and the DpN1 cells produced lower concentrations of SeAP than the Tn5B1-4 cells. Less than 5% of the glycans attached to SeAP produced by the Tn5B1-4 cells had complex forms. Glycans attached to SeAP from A7S cells contained 4% hybrid and 8% complex forms. Galactosylated biantennary structures were identified. Glycans attached to SeAP produced by the DpN1 cell line had 6% hybrid and 26% complex forms. Of the complex forms in SeAP from DpN1, 13% were identified as sialylated glycans. The galactosyltransferase activity of the three cell lines was measured and correlated to their ability to produce complex forms. Even though neither novel cell line produced as much recombinant protein as the Tn5B1-4 cells, the glycosylation of SeAP expressed by both cell lines was more complete. These novel cell lines represent interesting alternatives for the production of complex glycosylated proteins utilizing the BEVS.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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