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Med Biol Eng Comput. 2003 Jan;41(1):85-93.

Detection of movement-related potentials from the electro-encephalogram for possible use in a brain-computer interface.

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Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Technion, Israel Institute of Technology, Technion City, Haifa, Israel.


Brain-computer interfaces are devices for enabling patients with severe motor disorders to communicate with the world. One method for operating such devices is to use movement-related potentials that are generated in the brain when the patient moves, or imagines a movement of, one of his limbs. An algorithm for detecting movement-related potentials using a small number of EEG channels was developed. This algorithm is a combination of the matched filter, a non-linear transformation previously developed as part of a similar detector, and a classifier. The algorithm was compared with previous designs of similar detectors by both theoretic analysis and off-line evaluation of performance on data recorded from five subjects. It is shown that the performance of the algorithm was superior to that of previous methods, improving the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve to 87.8%, an improvement of 25% compared with the best previously suggested detection method. Finally, the probable sources for false detections were identified, and possible ways to minimise them are proposed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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