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J Cardiovasc Risk. 2003 Feb;10(1):21-4.

Alcohol and cardiovascular disease--more than one paradox to consider. Alcohol and hypertension: does it matter? Yes.

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Department of Medicine, Kaiser Permanente Medical Center, Oakland, CA, USA.


Observational studies and clinical experiments solidly establish an empiric relationship between heavy drinking (>/= 3 standard drinks/day) and higher blood pressure. A biologic mechanism for this link remains unclear. It has been difficult to study the incidence of usual hypertension sequelae in alcohol-associated hypertension because of complex interactions of alcohol, hypertension and cardiovascular conditions. Even with these limitations, a causal association is the most likely explanation and control of alcohol intake is probably important in prevention and treatment of hypertension.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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