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Injury. 2003 Feb;34(2):135-40.

Indirect reduction and bridge plating of supracondylar fractures of the femur.

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Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kaohsiung Medical University, 100 Shih-Chuan 1st Road, 80708 Kaohsiung, Taiwan, ROC.


Between October 1995 and December 1998, 16 patients with A-O type A3, C2 or C3 supracondylar femoral fractures were treated by open reduction and internal fixation using indirect reduction and bridge plating. Seven (44%) patients had open fractures. The patients were followed for a mean of 46 months (range 24-71). All fractures healed. The average time for fracture healing was 18.5 weeks (range 12-28). Four primary bone grafts and three secondary bone grafts were performed. By using the modified Schatzker rating scale, the result of 13 patients (81%) were rated as excellent or good. Complications included two implant failures that were due to full weight bearing before bone healing, and one superficial delayed wound healing. No deep infections were found in this series. The open fracture group needed longer time to heal and had a higher rate of receiving bone grafts. We conclude that indirect reduction and bridge plating with a 95 degrees dynamic condylar screw (DCS) or condylar blade plate can produce favourable results for complex distal femoral fractures. We suggest primary bone grafts or early secondary bone grafts for comminuted open fractures using an indirect reduction technique.

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