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Radiology. 2003 Feb;226(2):345-54.

Salivary gland tumors: diagnostic value of gadolinium-enhanced dynamic MR imaging with histopathologic correlation.

Author information

1
Department of Radiology, National Kyushu Cancer Center, 3-1-1 Notame, Minami-ku, Fukuoka 811-1395, Japan. hyabuu@nk-cc.go.jp

Erratum in

  • Radiology. 2003 Jun;227(3):909.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To evaluate the diagnostic value of gadolinium-enhanced dynamic magnetic resonance (MR) imaging of salivary gland tumors and correlate the MR imaging and histopathologic findings.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Thirty-three salivary gland tumors in 29 patients were examined preoperatively at gadolinium-enhanced dynamic MR imaging. There were 22 benign and 11 malignant tumors. Dynamic contrast material-enhanced MR images were obtained for 5 minutes. Time of peak enhancement (T(peak)) and washout ratio (WR) were determined from time-signal intensity curves (TICs). Microvessel count and cellularity-stromal grade were evaluated histopathologically. The strengths of correlations between T(peak) and microvessel count and between WR and cellularity-stromal grade were statistically analyzed. Statistical analysis was also performed to determine whether any differences among the various histopathologic tumor types existed [corrected]. In a validation study, 13 salivary gland tumors in 13 patients were examined consecutively.

RESULTS:

At a T(peak) of 120 seconds, malignant tumors could be differentiated from pleomorphic adenomas but not from Warthin tumors. A WR of 30%, however, enabled differentiation between malignant and Warthin tumors. Classification of TICs on the basis of a T(peak) of 120 seconds and a WR of 30% had high sensitivity (91%) and specificity (91%) in the differentiation of benign and malignant tumors. Correlations between T(peak) and microvessel count (P <.0001, rho = -0.800) and between WR and cellularity-stromal grade (P =.0105, rho = 0.572) were significant. The validation study also yielded high sensitivity (100%) and specificity (80%) in the differentiation between benign and malignant tumors.

CONCLUSION:

Gadolinium-enhanced dynamic MR imaging is useful for differentiating benign from malignant salivary gland tumors.

PMID:
12563124
DOI:
10.1148/radiol.2262011486
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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