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J Antimicrob Chemother. 2003 Feb;51(2):361-5.

Enzymic degradation of a beta-lactam antibiotic, ampicillin, in the gut: a novel treatment modality.

Author information

1
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Clinical Veterinary Sciences, PO Box 57, Helsinki, Finland. jaana.harmoinen@helsinki.fi

Abstract

Antibiotics can cause severe alterations in the gut microflora and promote diarrhoea and overgrowth of pathogenic bacteria. The present study investigated the potency of targeted recombinant beta-lactamase (TRBL) to degrade a beta-lactam antibiotic in the jejunum of fistula-operated beagles. We used different peroral doses of purified beta-lactamase (PenP) of Bacillus licheniformis in enteric-coated pellets together with intravenous ampicillin. Serum and jejunal samples were collected for ampicillin and beta-lactamase analysis. A dose-response effect of TRBL on ampicillin concentrations in the jejunal samples could be observed. The highest doses applied decreased the jejunal ampicillin concentrations to undetectable levels. In the serum samples, the ampicillin concentrations were not affected by the beta-lactamase dose used. Our results indicate that it may be possible to evolve a targeted treatment to degrade beta-lactam antibiotics intestinally and, thus, decrease antibiotic-induced adverse effects on the gut microflora.

PMID:
12562703
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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