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Immunology. 2003 Feb;108(2):152-7.

The outcome of T-cell costimulation through intercellular adhesion molecule-1 differs from costimulation through leucocyte function-associated antigen-1.

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Department of Molecular Biosciences, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS 66045, USA.


Optimal T-cell activation requires both an antigen-specific and a costimulatory signal. The outcome of T-cell activation can be influenced by the nature of the costimulatory signal the T cell receives. We recently demonstrated the ability of stimulation through intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), resident on the T-cell surface, to provide a second signal for T-cell activation, and have extended that work here to begin an examination of the functional outcome of this set of signals. Costimulation through ICAM-1 resulted in a greater percentage of cells having undergone more than three divisions when compared to costimulation through leucocyte function-associated antigen-1 (LFA-1). Costimulation through ICAM-1 also had an effect similar to costimulation through CD28 in its ability to down-regulate the cyclin dependent kinase inhibitor p27kip1. Costimulation through ICAM-1 provided greater protection from apoptosis than costimulation through LFA-1, especially in cells having divided more than three times. This was supported by the ability of costimulation through ICAM-1 to up-regulate the anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2. Finally, costimulation through ICAM-1 or CD28 produced a greater number of T cells with a memory phenotype than costimulation through LFA-1.

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