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Health Psychol. 2003 Jan;22(1):30-8.

Cognitive adaptation, psychological adjustment, and disease progression among angioplasty patients: 4 years later.

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Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA.


The long-term effects of the Cognitive Adaptation Theory Index (CATI) on psychological and physical health outcomes among men (n = 199) and women (n = 99) treated for coronary artery disease with percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty were examined. The CATI reflects a positive view of the self, a positive view of one's future, and a sense of personal control over daily life. This index was created from questionnaires administered during hospitalization for the initial angioplasty. Four years later, the CATI predicted positive adjustment to disease, even when initial adjustment was taken into consideration. In addition, the CATI predicted a reduced likelihood of sustaining a subsequent cardiac event over 4 years. This association was more robust for men.

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