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AIDS. 2003 Feb 14;17(3):371-5.

HIV-related lung cancer in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy.

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Department of Oncology, Chelsea and Westminster Hospital, 369 Fulham Road, London SW10 9NH, UK.



To address the impact of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) on the incidence and outcome of patients with HIV-related lung cancer.


Patients with HIV-related lung cancer were identified from a prospective HIV data base of 8400 patients diagnosed between 1986 and 2001. Patients diagnosed with HIV-related lung cancer before 1996 were in the pre-HAART cohort whereas the remainder were in the post-HAART cohort.


The incidence of HIV-related lung cancer in the pre- and post-HAART cohorts was compared with the age and sex-matched population of south east England. Clinicopathological features, treatments and outcomes were also recorded.


The incidence of HIV-related lung cancer increased from 0.8 (95% CI 0.2-3.2)/10(5) patient-years follow-up in the pre-HAART era to 6.7 (95% CI 3.1-13.9)/10(5) patient-years follow-up in the post-HAART era. The age and sex-matched incidence of lung cancer in south east England was 0.75 (95% CI 0.63-0.87)/10(5) patient-years, suggesting that HIV-related lung cancer only occurred more frequently in the post-HAART era (relative risk 8.93, 95% CI 4.92-19.98). The patient characteristics and outcomes were similar in the pre- and post-HAART eras, although the time interval between testing HIV positive and developing HIV-related lung cancer was longer in post-HAART patients.


In this study HIV-related lung cancer occurred more frequently in the post-HAART era, when compared with the HIV-negative population. Unfortunately, the outcome of these patients remains poor despite HAART.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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