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Clin Exp Metastasis. 2002;19(8):689-96.

Vaccination of mice with MUC1 cDNA suppresses the development of lung metastases.

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Laboratory of Cancer Biology and Molecular Immunology, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo,Japan.


C57BL/6 mice were immunized intradermally with various doses of purified pCEP4 plasmid DNA containing full-length MUC1 cDNA (22 tandem repeats). Mice immunized with MUC1 DNA three times at weekly intervals had serum antibodies to a synthetic peptide corresponding to the tandem repeats of MUC1. The antibody titer correlated with the plasmid DNA dose. After the third immunization mice were injected intravenously with 5 x 10(5) 16-F10 melanoma cells that had been stably transfected with MUC1 cDNA (F10-MUC1-C8 clone cells). The number of lung metastatic nodules three weeks after inoculation of F10-MUC1-C8 cells was significantly lower in mice immunized with MUC1 plasmid DNA than in mice immunized with the vector DNA alone. Thus, the suppression of lung metastasis was antigen-specific. In vivo depletion of lymphocyte subpopulations by specific antibodies revealed that natural killer cells are the major effector cells responsible for the suppression of lung metastasis. CD4+ cells and CD8+ cells apparently played some roles too.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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