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Am J Kidney Dis. 2003 Feb;41(2):343-50.

IgM nephropathy: clinical picture and long-term prognosis.

Author information

1
Medical School, University of Tampere; and Departments of Medicine and Pathology, Tampere University Hospital, Tampere, Finland. lljumu@uta.fi

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Immunoglobulin M (IgM) nephropathy is an idiopathic glomerulonephritis with mesangial hypercellularity and diffuse IgM deposits.

METHODS:

We studied clinical presentation, morphological findings, and prognostic factors in 110 patients with IgM nephropathy without systemic diseases. The series included both pediatric and adult patients with nephrotic syndrome (NS) or minor urinary abnormalities.

RESULTS:

Mean postbiopsy follow-up was 8 years. During 15 years of follow-up, 36% of patients developed renal insufficiency and 23% reached end-stage renal failure. In multivariate analysis, hypertension at the time of renal biopsy was the only significant risk factor for renal insufficiency. Of histological parameters, interstitial fibrosis had the strongest prognostic value. Hypertension was diagnosed in 50% of patients with a postbiopsy follow-up of 15 years. Twenty-nine percent of nephrotic patients had disease resistant to corticosteroids, whereas 80% of patients with steroid-sensitive disease were steroid dependent. Eleven patients, 8 patients with NS and 3 patients with asymptomatic proteinuria, underwent repeated renal biopsy. In five samples, typical morphological characteristics of focal and segmental glomerulosclerosis were seen.

CONCLUSION:

We propose that IgM nephropathy can be divided into two subgroups with similar renal biopsy findings, but differences in sex distribution and initial presentation.

PMID:
12552495
DOI:
10.1053/ajkd.2003.50042
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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