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J Infect Dis. 2003 Jan 15;187(2):334-7. Epub 2002 Dec 19.

The CagA protein of Helicobacter pylori is translocated into epithelial cells and binds to SHP-2 in human gastric mucosa.

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Second Department of Internal Medicine, Fukui Medical University, Japan.


Recent experiments have indicated that CagA of Helicobacter pylori is injected into epithelial cells via the type IV secretion system and undergoes tyrosine phosphorylation in cells and that translocated CagA binds the SRC homology 2 domain-containing tyrosine phosphatase (SHP-2). We investigated these phenomena in in vivo human gastric mucosa. Tyrosine-phosphorylated CagA and CagA-coimmunoprecipitated SHP-2 were detected in gastric mucosa from H. pylori-positive patients with atrophic gastritis and in noncancerous tissues from H. pylori-positive patients with early gastric cancer. In contrast, CagA was not detected in gastric mucosa with either intestinal metaplasia or cancer. Our results provide the first evidence that CagA is translocated into the gastric epithelial cells, receives tyrosine phosphorylation, and binds SHP-2 in in vivo human gastric mucosa. Deregulation of SHP-2 by CagA may play a role in the acquisition of a cellular-transformed phenotype at a relatively early stage of multistep gastric carcinogenesis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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