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Int J Nurs Stud. 2003 Jan;40(1):73-84.

The Yorkshire BARRIERS project: diagnostic analysis of barriers to research utilisation.

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Community and Primary Care Nursing, Public Health and Primary Care Unit, St Bartholomew School of Nursing and Midwifery, City University, Philpot Street, London E1 2EA, UK.


The study identified barriers to research implementation experienced by nurses, midwives and health visitors in five trusts and one health authority in Yorkshire, UK. Funk et al. (Appl. Nurs. Res. 4(1) (1991a) 39, Appl. Nurs. Res. 4(2) (1999b) 90) developed the BARRIERS to research utilisation questionnaire over 10 years ago, but no replication, in size (n = 1989) and extent, of that study appeared to have occurred. The staff population (n = 4501) were sent the BARRIERS questionnaire. 44.6% (n = 2009) were returned. Findings suggested nurses need time to read and apply research; authority to change practice; critical appraisal skills, an understanding of statistics and support of managers and peers (particularly doctors) to achieve successful practice change.

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