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Bioseparation. 2001;10(6):257-76.

Stoichiometric noncovalent interaction in molecular imprinting.

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Institute of Organic Chemistry and Macromolecular Chemistry, Heinrich-Heine-University Düsseldorf, Universitätsstr. 1, D-40225 Düsseldorf, Germany.


In this review article the function of the binding site monomers in the molecular imprinting procedure is discussed. Especially, new developments towards stoichiometric noncovalent interactions are highlighted. In stoichiometric noncovalent interactions template and binding site monomer in an 1:1 molar ratio are nearly completely bound to each other. This is only possible if the association constants are considerably high (Kass > 900 M(-1)). Using this type of interaction in molecular imprinting no excess of binding sites is necessary and binding sites are only located inside the imprinted cavity. Since all cavities can be reloaded these polymers show high capacity (e.g., for preparative application) and are especially suited for the synthesis of catalytically active imprinted polymers. Discussed are binding site interactions based on amidines (and guanidines), multiple hydrogen bonding, charge-transfer interactions, and host-guest inclusion. The systematic investigation of the underlying binding reaction is described in detail. With low-molecular weight model substances the thermodynamics of the association can be conveniently investigated, e.g., by NMR spectroscopy.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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