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Am J Med Genet A. 2003 Feb 15;117A(1):65-71.

Cryptic t(1;12)(q44;p13.3) translocation in a previously described syndrome with polymicrogyria, segregating as an apparently X-linked trait.

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Istituto di Genetica Medica, Facoltà di Medicina A. Gemelli, UCSC, Rome, Italy.


We report on the multistep progression to the correct genetic diagnosis in an apparently new syndrome of mental retardation and multiple congenital anomalies, including hypogenitalism and polymicrogyria. We had previously reported it as an X-linked condition affecting four members (three males and one female) of a family [Zollino et al., 1992: Am J Med Genet 43:452-457]. Two of the four patients, both males, presented with a brain abnormality that was initially described as pachygyria, while the remaining two (one male and one female) did not. Our present study includes a clinical follow-up on the patients, neuroradiological reexamination of one patient, X linkage studies and X inactivation analyses, and finally molecular cytogenetics, which allowed us to establish definitely the genetic causes of the condition. After the detection of a subtle t(1;12)(q44;p13.3) balanced translocation in healthy carriers, two unbalanced segregation products were observed in different patients, resulting in 1q44qter monosomy and 12p13.3pter trisomy in patients with polymicrogyria and severe psychomotor delay, 12p13.3pter monosomy and 1q44qter trisomy in the other two patients without polymicrogyria, with less severe mental retardation and less distinctive physical anomalies. Thus, this condition is no longer to be considered X-linked, but the result of cryptic autosomal imbalance. Furthermore, this study identified an approximately 14 Mb interval in 1q44qter pathogenetically related to polymicrogyria.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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