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Biochem Soc Trans. 2003 Feb;31(Pt 1):76-8.

Calcium signalling in and around the nuclear envelope.

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Medical Research Council Secretory Control Research Group, Physiological Laboratory, University of Liverpool, Liverpool L69 3BX, UK.


We have compared calcium mobilization by Ins(1,4,5) P(3)(IP(3)), cADP-ribose (cADPR) and nicotinic acid-adenosine dinucleotide phosphate (NAADP) from the envelope of isolated nuclei with the calcium signalling in intact isolated pancreatic acinar cells. Ca(2+) uptake and release were studied with calcium-sensitive fluorescent probes. In the present study, we have shown that all calcium messengers induce Ca(2+) release from the nuclear envelope. Pre-treatment of nuclei with thapsigargin completely abolished the responses to the calcium messengers, indicating that Ca(2+) stores in isolated nuclei are thapsigargin-sensitive. Using different pharmacological tools, we show that Ca(2+) release from pancreatic nuclei is unlikely to occur from stores other than those with endoplasmic reticulum characteristics. We conclude that all three calcium messengers can release Ca(2+) from pancreatic acinar nuclear stores, as previously shown for IP(3) and cADPR. It would appear that NAADP releases Ca(2+) from the same IP(3)- and cADPR-sensitive stores with endoplasmic reticulum characteristics.

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