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J Biomed Mater Res. 1976 Mar;10(2):311-23.

An evaluation of bone growth into porous high density polyethylene.


The purpose of this investigation was to study bone growth into porous polyethylene rods as a function of time and pore structure. Previous studies have indicated the biocompatibility of solid polyethylene materials which are currently being used clinically. Porous polyethylene rods were implanted in the femurs of mongrel dogs which are sacrificed four, eight, and 16 weeks postoperatively. The implants were then sectioned and examined histologically and microadiographically. Quantitative techniques were employed to determine the amount of bone ingrowth as a function of time and pore size. The pore structures of the materials were evaluated using optical microscopy and mercury intrusion porosimetry. The results of this investigation have demonstrated that porous polyethylene is capable of accepting bone growth into pores as small as 40 mum. The optimum rate of bone ingrowth was observed in pore sizes of approximately 100 to 135 mum, with no increase in the rate of bone ingrowth observed in samples possessing larger pore sizes. No adverse tissue response was found at implant times up to 16 weeks in pore sizes of 100 mum or larger.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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