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Postgrad Med. 2003 Jan;113(1):65-6, 69-70, 73-4 passim.

Community-acquired pneumonia in immunocompromised patients. Opportunistic infections to consider in differential diagnosis.

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State University of New York-Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, USA.


Immunocompromised persons are at increased risk for a large group of infections that are either uncommon or much less severe in the immunocompetent host. These opportunistic infections broaden the diagnostic considerations in differential diagnosis of community-acquired pneumonia in patients with immunodeficiencies. This article highlighted epidemiologic factors, clinical presentations, and treatment options for four selected opportunistic infections that represent varied classes of pathogens: nematodes (S stercoralis), mycoses (C neoformans), bacteria (P aeruginosa in patients with HIV infection), and viruses (measles virus).

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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