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J Mol Med (Berl). 2003 Jan;81(1):51-60. Epub 2002 Nov 21.

Resolving the composite trait of hypertension into its pharmacogenetic determinants by acute pharmacological modulation of blood pressure regulatory systems.

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1
Centre de recherche, Centre hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal-Hôtel-Dieu, 3850 rue Saint-Urbain, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Abstract

Acute pharmacogenetic analysis was carried out in an intercross F2 population derived from Prague hypertensive-hypertriglyceridemic and Lewis rats. Quantitative trait loci (QTL) mapping was performed for baseline blood pressure (BP) and for BP after blockade of the renin-angiotensin system by losartan, of the sympathetic nervous system (SNS) by pentolinium, and of the nitric oxide system by N(G)-nitro- L-arginine methyl ester. Two significant loci for baseline BP were found on chromosome (Chr) 3 (logarithm of likelihood, LOD, 3.8) and Chr 5 (LOD 3.6), and one suggestive locus on Chr 1 (LOD 2.7). The QTL on Chr 3 persisted after treatment with the three agents while the QTL on Chr 5 and Chr 1 disappeared after pentolinium administration. This suggests independence of the locus on Chr 3 from each acute BP regulatory system examined, whereas the loci on Chr 5 and Chr 1 appeared to be controlled mainly by the SNS. Although not apparent at baseline, a significant locus appeared on Chr 8 (LOD 7.0) after blockade of the SNS, and NO system blockade led to the appearance of a new QTL on Chr 1 (LOD 3.6), indicating the contribution of the inhibited systems to these loci. Pharmacogenetic dissection of the BP trait is a powerful tool to unravel the underlying physiological mechanisms of QTL affecting baseline BP and to identify specific QTL for the response to drugs. This pharmocogenetic approach enabled us to determine the main causative acute BP regulatory systems and should lead to better selection of suitable antihypertensive drugs for individual patients.

PMID:
12545249
DOI:
10.1007/s00109-002-0394-7
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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