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J Trauma. 2003 Jan;54(1):104-12; discussion 112-3.

Modulation of endotoxin-induced endothelial activity by microtubule depolymerization.

Author information

1
Department of Surgery, Division of Trauma/Critical Care, University of Cincinnati, 231 Albert Sabin Way, ML 558, Cincinnati, OH 45267-0558, USA. cush98@aol.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Endotoxin not only activates the Toll-mediated signaling pathway within endothelial cells that leads to neutrophil migration but also causes the polymerization of microtubules. The potential role of this polymerization event, however, is unknown.

METHODS:

Human umbilical vein endothelial cells stimulated with endotoxin were pretreated with or without the microtubule depolymerizing agent colchicine. Toll-mediated signaling events and protein production were in turn investigated by Western blot, gel shift, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Finally, neutrophil adhesion was assayed fluorometrically under the various conditions.

RESULTS:

Endotoxin led to activation of the various Toll-mediated pathways, production of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 and interleukin-8, and subsequent neutrophil adhesion. Pretreatment with colchicine led to selective inhibition of anti-dual phosphorylated extracellular signal-regulated kinase-1/2, anti-dual phosphorylated c-jun N-terminal kinase, and adaptor protein-1; selective enhancement of p38; and no effect on nuclear factor-kappaB. This selective modulation of intracellular signaling resulted in attenuated intercellular adhesion molecule-1, interleukin-8 and prostaglandin E2 production, but enhanced cyclooxygenase-2 expression. As a result, microtubule disruption led to a significant reduction in neutrophil adhesion.

CONCLUSION:

Microtubule formation is essential to optimal endotoxin-induced intracellular signaling through anti-dual phosphorylated extracellular signal-regulated kinase-1/2, anti-dual phosphorylated c-jun N-terminal kinase, and adaptor protein-1. Failure of these signaling events is associated with a marked reduction in the formation of a proadhesive phenotype that may prove to be beneficial in modulating neutrophil recruitment during sepsis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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