Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2003 Feb;180(2):497-500.

Is there an increased incidence of contralateral testicular cancer in patients with intratesticular microlithiasis?

Author information

Department of Radiology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, 1275 York Avenue, New York, NY 10021, USA.



The objective of this study was to determine if there is an association between intratesticular microlithiasis and contralateral testicular cancer.


Retrospective review of a radiology database revealed 156 men who had undergone testicular sonography and orchiectomy for testicular cancer. Sonographic abnormalities were correlated with medical records and histopathology. Statistical significance was assessed using Fisher's exact test.


Twenty-three (15%) of 156 patients with prior orchiectomy for testicular cancer had microlithiasis, and 133 (85%) did not have microlithiasis. Four of 23 patients with microlithiasis had masses, and eight had heterogeneous changes. Sonograms of 133 patients without microlithiasis revealed masses in seven and heterogeneous changes in 15 patients. Five patients with microlithiasis and six without microlithiasis underwent a second orchiectomy. Contralateral testicular cancer was confirmed in five (22%) of 23 patients with microlithiasis versus three (2%) of 133 men without microlithiasis. Microlithiasis was present in five (63%) of eight patients with bilateral testicular cancer, and microlithiasis was highly associated with confirmed bilateral testicular cancer (5/23 vs 3/133, odds ratio [OR] = 12.0, p = 0.002). Among the 34 patients who had either testicular masses or heterogeneous changes, microlithiasis had an OR of 4.5 (p = 0.10).


In our study, contralateral testicular cancer was significantly associated with intratesticular microlithiasis. Nevertheless, there was not sufficient evidence that intratesticular microlithiasis adds independent diagnostic information for bilateral testicular cancer in the absence of a mass or heterogeneous changes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Atypon
    Loading ...
    Support Center