Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Microvasc Res. 2003 Jan;65(1):24-31.

Pharmacological investigations on lipopolysaccharide-induced permeability changes in the blood-brain barrier in vitro.

Author information

Blood-Brain Barrier Research Group, Department of Pharmacology, Leiden/Amsterdam Center for Drug Research, Leiden University, The Netherlands.


Lipopolysaccharide-induced changes in blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability were investigated with a pharmacological approach in vitro. Lipopolysaccharide induced a concentration- and time-dependent (non)reversible opening of the BBB, and brain astrocytes make brain capillary endothelial cells (BCEC) resistant to this BBB disruption. De novo protein synthesis was essential for the recovery, because cycloheximide prevented the recovery process. Dexamethasone pretreated BCEC were more resistant to lipopolysaccharide, while no protective response was induced by heat shock nor by inhibition of P-glycoprotein. BBB opening was tempered by free radical inhibitors (i.e., pretreatment with N-acetyl-cysteine or uric acid combined with deferroxamine mesylate). No effects of modulators of prostanoid-, leukotriene-, or platelet-activating factor pathways were observed. Therefore, lipopolysaccharide-induced BBB opening seems to be primarily mediated by excessive free radical production.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center