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J Cell Biochem. 2003 Feb 15;88(3):557-68.

The E2F-1 transcription factor is negatively regulated by its interaction with the MDMX protein.

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Department of Pathology, University of Pennsylvania School of Dental Medicine, 4010 Locust St, Rm 312 Levy Research, Philadelphia 19104-6002, USA.


Several proteins with important roles in oncogenesis have been shown to regulate the function of the E2F-1 transcription factor, which is known to activate the expression of genes required for proliferation and apoptosis. Here we identify the MDMX oncoprotein as an E2F-1-binding factor, from a yeast-two hybrid screen using a portion of the E2F-1 protein as "bait." We demonstrate that the region within MDMX needed for the E2F-1:MDMX interaction is located in the central part of the protein, C-terminal of the p53-binding domain. The region within E2F-1 needed for this association is adjacent to the DNA binding domain. Further, when expressed in vivo or in vitro the MDMX protein migrates as two isoforms on SDS-PAGE, the faster migrating isoform having the stronger affinity for the E2F-1 proteins. It appears that this interaction reduces the ability of E2F-1 to bind DNA. Expression of MDMX along with E2F-1 and Dp-1 in Saos2 cells reduces the ability of E2F-1 to bind to its consensus DNA sequence, without altering E2F-1 protein levels. These data indicate that the MDMX protein is capable of associating with E2F-1 and negatively regulating its DNA binding ability.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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