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Anticancer Res. 2002 Nov-Dec;22(6A):3229-39.

Enhancement of anti-tumor immunity by lipoteichoic acid-related molecule isolated from OK-432, a streptococcal agent, in athymic nude mice bearing human salivary adenocarcinoma: role of natural killer cells.

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Second Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Tokushima University School of Dentistry, 3-18-15 Kuramoto-cho, Tokushima 7708504, Japan.



OK-PSA, a lipoteichoic acid (LTA)-related molecule isolated from a streptococcal agent OK-432, enhances anti-tumor immunity as a potent inducer of Th1-type cytokines. Recently, we obtained the data suggesting that natural killer (NK) cells may play a significant role for OK-PSA-induced cytokine production in vitro.


We conducted the animal experiments using athymic nude mice bearing human salivary adenocarcinoma to examine the role of NK cells in OK-PSA-induced anti-tumor immunity. OK-PSA was peritumorally injected into the mice. Cytokines in the sera were analyzed by ELISA. mRNAs for cytokines were detected by RT-PCR. 51Cr release test was performed to measure killer cell activities.


OK-PSA markedly increased the amounts of IFN-gamma, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, interleukin (IL)-2, IL-12 and IL-18 that are generally called "Th1-type cytokines" in the sera derived from tumor-bearing nude mice, and also accelerated the killing activities of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes as well as of draining lymph node cells. Furthermore, OK-PSA administration resulted in significant inhibition of tumor growth, but the effect of OK-PSA was almost completely inhibited by the deletion of NK cells using anti-asialo GM1 antibody.


These findings strongly suggested that NK cells are closely involved in OK-PSA-mediated anti-tumor immunity.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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