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Biotechnol Bioeng. 2003 Mar 20;81(6):726-31.

Enzymatic hydrolysis of water-soluble wheat arabinoxylan. 1. Synergy between alpha-L-arabinofuranosidases, endo-1,4-beta-xylanases, and beta-xylosidase activities.

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Novozymes A/S, Krogshøjvej, DK-2880 Bagsvaerd, Denmark.


Hydrolysis of arabinoxylan is an important prerequisite for improved utilization of wheat hemicellulose in the ethanol fermentation industry. This study investigates the individual and combined efficiencies of three commercial, cellulytic and hemicellulytic enzyme preparations, Celluclast 1.5 L, Ultraflo L, and Viscozyme L, in catalyzing the liberation of arabinose and xylose from water-soluble wheat arabinoxylan. Ultraflo L was the best enzyme preparation for releasing arabinose, liberating 53 wt% of the theoretical maximum after 48 h of reaction (10 wt% enzyme/substrate ratio, 40 degrees C, pH 6). Celluclast 1.5 L was superior to the other enzyme preparations in releasing xylose, liberating 26 wt% of the theoretical maximum after 48 h of reaction (10 wt% enzyme/substrate ratio, 50 degrees C, pH 5). The 50:50 mixtures of the enzyme preparations showed no synergistic cooperation in arabinose release, but a synergistic interaction in xylose release was found between Ultraflo L and Celluclast 1.5 L. On the basis of high-performance anion exchange chromatography (HPAEC) analysis of the hydrolysates after enzymatic reaction, we propose that the observed synergism between Celluclast 1.5 L and Ultraflo L is the result of positive interaction between alpha-L-arabinofuranosidase and endo-1,4-beta-xylanase activities present in Ultraflo L that released arabinose, xylobiose and xylotriose, and beta-xylosidase activities in Celluclast 1.5 L, capable of catalyzing the hydrolysis of xylobiose and xylotriose to xylose.

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