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Leukemia. 2003 Jan;17(1):83-8.

Methylation of the hMLH1 promoter and its association with microsatellite instability in acute myeloid leukemia.

Author information

1
Division of Haematology, School of Clinical Laboratory Sciences, University of Nottingham, and Nottingham City Hospital, Nottingham, UK. seedhouse@nottingham.ac.uk

Abstract

The hMLH1 and hMSH2 genes are involved in the DNA mismatch repair (MMR) pathway. Defects in either of these genes have been associated with genetic instability in a wide variety of malignancies. A molecular mechanism involved in aberrant MMR gene expression is the epigenetic silencing of transcription by promoter methylation. The importance of MMR promoter methylation in leukemia is presently unclear and we have therefore undertaken a detailed analysis of the promoter regions of hMLH1 and hMSH2 using the technique of bisulfite genomic sequencing. DNA from 55 patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) including 23 patients with therapy-related AML (t-AML) have been analyzed. Two patients with de novo AML demonstrated extensive methylation throughout the whole hMLH1 region sequenced, one of whom had previously shown widespread genetic instability, measured as microsatellite instability (MSI). However methylation of hMLH1 was not found in t-AML which has previously been associated with MSI. In addition, methylation was seen at a restricted region of the hMLH1 promoter in both AML patients and healthy controls. The significance of this methylated region of the hMLH1 promoter is uncertain, however, our results confirm that in some patients with AML extensive methylation of hMLH1, but not of hMSH2 may occur, and as is the case in solid tumors this can be associated with the presence of a defective DNA mismatch repair pathway resulting in MSI.

PMID:
12529664
DOI:
10.1038/sj.leu.2402747
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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