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Obes Res. 2003 Jan;11(1):65-74.

Human mesenchymal stem cells as an in vitro model for human adipogenesis.

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1
Pennington Biomedical Research Center 6400 Perkins Road, Baton Rouge, LA 70808, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To validate the human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) as a new in vitro model for the study of human adipogenesis, to develop the optimal protocol for the differentiation of hMSCs into adipocytes, and to describe effect of mitogen-activated protein kinase on hMSC differentiation into adipocytes.

RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES:

hMSCs, obtained commercially, were differentiated by exposure to insulin, dexamethasone, indomethacin, and 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine three times for 3 days each. Various differentiation conditions were examined to optimize differentiation as measured by Oil Red O staining. The gene expression during adipogenic conversion was assessed by reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction, real-time reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction, and Western blotting.

RESULTS:

hMSCs differentiated into adipocytes to a different extent depending on the experimental conditions. We have found that differentiation medium based on medium 199 and containing 170 nM insulin, 0.5 mM 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine, 0.2 mM indomethacin, 1 microM dexamethasone, and 5% fetal bovine serum was optimal. However, the replacement of fetal bovine serum with rabbit serum (15%) led to further enhancement of differentiation. Inhibition of mitogen-activated protein kinase activation also facilitated adipogenic conversion of hMSCs. The pattern of genes expressed during hMSC differentiation into adipocytes (adipsin, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma, CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein-beta, GLUT4, and leptin) was similar to that observed in other in vitro adipocyte models.

DISCUSSION:

hMSCs are renewable sources of noncommitted precursors that are able to differentiate into mature adipocytes under the proper hormonal and pharmacological stimuli. Thus, hMSCs represent a new model for the study of human adipogenesis.

PMID:
12529487
DOI:
10.1038/oby.2003.11
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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