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Mol Hum Reprod. 2003 Jan;9(1):9-17.

Identification and characterization of a novel human testis-specific Golgi protein, NYD-SP12.

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Laboratory of Reproductive Medicine, Center of Human Functional Genomics, Nanjing Medical University, People's Republic of China.


A novel human testis-specific gene, NYD-SP12, was identified by hybridizing human adult or fetal testes cDNA samples with a human cDNA microarray containing 9216 clones. mRNA expression level of NYD-SP12 was 30-fold higher in human adult testes than fetal testes. Similarly, semi-quantitative RT-PCR revealed a differential expression pattern of an NYD-SP12 homologous gene in mouse adult and infant testes. PCR and hybridization analysis of NYD-SP12 mRNA from multiple human tissues indicated the expression of NYD-SP12 exclusively in the testis. In-situ hybridization revealed that the expression of this gene was confined to spermatogenic epithelium and was not found in interstitial cells. NYD-SP12 transcript was not detected in patients with spermatogenic arrest and Sertoli cell-only syndrome. NYD-SP12 cDNA (GenBank accession number: AF345909) consisted of 2070 bp. The predicted 1707 bp open-reading fragment encoded a 569 amino acid protein that was 77% identical to a mouse homologue. Furthermore, computerized SMART and Motif analysis revealed that the protein contained a Structural Classification Of Proteins (SCOP) domain in the C-terminus and a cluster of phosphorylation sites for PKC, CK and cAMP/cGMP-dependent protein kinase. Interestingly, the EGFP-NYD-SP12 fusion protein was localized to the Golgi apparatus. In conclusion, the results suggest that NYD-SP12 is involved in spermatogenesis, and that NYD-SP12-encoded protein might function in the Golgi apparatus.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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