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Arthritis Rheum. 2003 Jan;48(1):110-8.

Integrin-mediated adhesion of human articular chondrocytes to cartilage.

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1
University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine 1) the kinetics and strength of adhesion of human articular chondrocytes to a cut cartilage surface, and 2) the role of specific integrins in mediating such adhesion, using an in vitro model.

METHODS:

Human articular chondrocytes isolated from cadaveric donors (mean +/- SD age 38 +/- 13 years) were cultured in high-density or low-density monolayer. Following release from culture with trypsin and a 2-2.5-hour recovery period, chondrocytes were analyzed either for adhesion to cartilage or for integrin expression by flow cytometry.

RESULTS:

Following culture in monolayer, adhesion of chondrocytes to cartilage increased with time, from 6-16% at 10 minutes to a maximum of 59-82% at 80-320 minutes. After 80 minutes of adhesion, the resistance of cells to flow-induced shear stress (50% detachment) was approximately 21 Pa. Chondrocyte adhesion to cartilage decreased with pretreatment of cells with monoclonal antibodies that bound to and blocked certain integrins. After an 80-minute incubation time, adhesion of chondrocytes cultured in high-density monolayer decreased from the value of IgG1-treated controls (55%) with blocking of the beta1 integrin subunit (to 23%) or with blocking of alpha 5 beta 1 (to 36%). Following expansion of chondrocytes in low-density monolayer, the mechanisms of adhesion to cartilage were generally similar. After an 80-minute incubation time, adhesion of chondrocytes cultured in low-density monolayer decreased from the value of IgG1-treated controls (62%) with blocking of the beta1 integrin subunit (to 30%) or with blocking of alpha 5 beta 1 (to 44%). Additionally, adhesion of these cells decreased to 46% by blocking of alpha v beta 5, with a similar trend in effect for chondrocytes cultured in high-density monolayer. Blocking of the alpha 1 or alpha 3 integrin subunits or alpha v beta 3 had no detectable effect on adhesion, even though these receptors were detected by flow cytometry.

CONCLUSION:

Under the culture and seeding conditions studied, beta1, alpha 5 beta 1, and alpha v beta 5 integrins mediate human chondrocyte adhesion to cartilage. These chondrocyte integrins have a potential role in the initial adhesion and retention of chondrocytes at a cartilage defect site following clinical procedures of chondrocyte transplantation.

PMID:
12528111
DOI:
10.1002/art.10704
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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