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Biochem Pharmacol. 2003 Feb 1;65(3):435-40.

Affinity of cyamemazine, an anxiolytic antipsychotic drug, for human recombinant dopamine vs. serotonin receptor subtypes.

Author information

1
Aventis Pharma, 75012 Paris, France.

Abstract

Animal studies indicate that the anxiolytic properties of the antipsychotic agent cyamemazine may result from blockade of serotonin 5-HT(2C) receptors and to a lesser extent from blockade of serotonin 5-HT(3) receptors. Here, we used human recombinant receptors to determine the relative affinity of cyamemazine for serotonin and dopamine receptor subtypes. In addition, cyamemazine was tested in other brain receptor types and subtypes which are considered to mediate central nervous systems effects of drugs. Hence, cyamemazine affinity was determined in human recombinant receptors expressed in CHO cells (hD(2), hD(3), and hD(4.4) receptors, h5-HT(1A), h5-HT(2A), h5-HT(2C), and h5-HT(7), and hM(1), hM(2), hM(3), hM(4), and hM(5) receptors), L-cells (hD(1) receptor), and HEK-293 cells (h5-HT(3) receptors) or natively present in N1E-115 cells (5-HT(3) receptors) or in rat cerebral cortex (non-specific alpha(1)- and alpha(2)-adrenoceptors, GABA(A) and GABA(B) receptors, H(3) histamine receptors), and guinea-pig cerebellum (H(1) central and H(2) histamine receptors) membranes. Similarly to atypical antipsychotics, cyamemazine exhibited high affinity for: (i) h5-HT(2A) receptors (K(i)=1.5+/-0.7 nM, mean+/-SEM, N=3) and this was four times higher than for hD(2) receptors (K(i)=5.8+/-0.8 nM), (ii) h5-HT(2C) receptors (K(i)=11.8+/-2.2nM), and (iii) 5-HT(7) receptors (K(i)=22 nM). Conversely, cyamemazine exhibited very low affinity for h5-HT(3) receptors (K(i)=2.9+/-0.4 microM). In conclusion, similarly to atypical antipsychotic agents, cyamemazine, possesses high affinity for h5-HT(2A), h5-HT(2C), and h5-HT(7) receptors, a feature which can explain its low propensity to cause extrapyramidal adverse reactions in clinical practice. The high affinity for h5-HT(2C) receptors, but not for h5-HT(3) receptors, can account for the anxiolytic activity of cyamemazine in human subjects.

PMID:
12527336
DOI:
10.1016/s0006-2952(02)01515-0
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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