Send to

Choose Destination
Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2002 Dec;21(12):864-8. Epub 2002 Dec 10.

Clinical study of 44 cases of Staphylococcus aureus meningitis.

Author information

Department of Infectious Diseases, Hospital Ramón y Cajal, Universidad de Alcalá de Henares, Carretera de Colmenar km 9.1, 28034 Madrid, Spain.


In order to describe the clinical features and outcome of Staphylococcus aureus meningitis, the charts of 44 cases seen at one teaching hospital during a 20-year period were retrospectively reviewed. Staphylococcus aureus was the fifth most common cause of bacterial meningitis (10.2% of cases). There were 28 (63%) cases of postoperative meningitis and 16 (37%) of spontaneous meningitis. Patients with postoperative meningitis were younger than patients with spontaneous meningitis (mean age, 40.3 vs. 59.3 years; P=0.04) and had a lower frequency of community-acquired infection (32.1% vs. 93.8%; P<0.01), severe underlying diseases (28% vs. 87%; P<0.01) and associated staphylococcal infection (35% vs. 75%; P=0.01). The clinical presentation was similar in both groups, but patients with postoperative meningitis had a lower frequency of altered mental status (39% vs. 75%; P=0.02), meningeal signs (28% vs. 62%; P=0.02), petechial rash (0% vs. 18%; P=0.04), bacteremia (7% vs. 75%; P<0.01), and septic shock (0% vs. 44%; P<0.01). Most patients were treated with cloxacillin or vancomycin, with or without rifampicin, for a mean period of 22.5 days (range, 1-100 days). Overall mortality was 27%, and the mortality rate was higher for cases of spontaneous than postoperative meningitis (50% vs. 14%; P=0.01). Mortality correlated significantly with advanced age, spontaneous meningitis, altered mental status, and the presence of severe underlying diseases, bacteremia, and septic shock.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Springer
Loading ...
Support Center