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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2003 Jan 21;100(2):467-72. Epub 2003 Jan 13.

Modeling of the inhibitory interaction of phospholamban with the Ca2+ ATPase.

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  • 1Institute of Molecular and Cellular Biosciences, University of Tokyo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0032, Japan.


The inhibitory interaction of phospholamban (PLN) with the sarco(endo)plasmic reticulum Ca(2+) ATPase isoform 1 (SERCA1a) was modeled on the basis of several constraints which included (i) spontaneous formation of SS-bridges between mutants L321C in transmembrane helix 4 (M4) of SERCA1a and N27C in PLN and between V89C (M4) and V49C (PLN); (ii) definition of the face of the PLN transmembrane helix that interacts with SERCA; (iii) cross-linking between Lys-3 of PLN and Lys-397 and Lys-400 of SERCA2a. The crystal structure of SERCA1a in the absence of Ca(2+), which binds PLN, was used as the structure into which an atomic model of PLN was built. PLN can fit into a transmembrane groove formed by the juxtaposition of M2, the upper part of M4, M6, and M9. In the SERCA1a structure with bound Ca(2+), this groove is closed, accounting for the ability of Ca(2+) to disrupt PLN-SERCA interactions. Near the cytoplasmic surface of the bilayer, the PLN helix is disrupted to prevent its collision with M4. The model can be extended into the cytoplasmic domain so that Lys-3 in PLN can be cross-linked with Lys-397 and Lys-400 in SERCA1a with little unwinding of the N-terminal helix of PLN.

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