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J Leukoc Biol. 2003 Jan;73(1):127-36.

Interleukin-4 biases differentiation of B cells from Trypanosoma cruzi-infected mice and restrains their fratricide: role of Fas ligand down-regulation and MHC class II-transactivator up-regulation.

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InmunologĂ­a, Departamento de Bioquimica Clinica, Facultad de Ciencias Quimicas, Universidad Nacional de Cordoba, Ciudad Universitaria, Haya de la Torre Medina Allende, Cordoba (5000), Argentina.


In the present work, we demonstrate that interleukin (IL)-4 is able to rescue B cells from Trypanosoma cruzi-infected mice, counteracting the strong apoptotic signals that these cells received in vivo. We have observed that IL-4 restrains the apoptosis of immunoglobulin (Ig)M(+) and IgG(+) B cells from infected and normal mice without inducing them to proliferate. In addition, IL-4 does not modify the quantity or quality of the antibodies secreted by B cells from infected mice, as it blocks their terminal differentiation to plasma cells and favors memory pathway. It is interesting that the protective effect of IL-4 over B cells from infected mice is mediated, at least partly, by the down-regulation of Fas ligand (FasL) expression, which leads to interference in the apoptosis executed by these B cells through the Fas/FasL death pathway. Accordingly, a marked up-regulation of the "FasL gene repressor" class II transactivator was observed, suggesting that this would be one mechanism underlying the IL-4-mediated FasL down-regulation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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