Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Biol Chem. 2003 Mar 14;278(11):9912-9. Epub 2003 Jan 13.

Mapping the Galpha13 binding interface of the rgRGS domain of p115RhoGEF.

Author information

1
Department of Biochemistry, the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas 75390, USA.

Abstract

Structural requirements for function of the Rho GEF (guanine nucleotide exchange factor) regulator of G protein signaling (rgRGS) domains of p115RhoGEF and homologous exchange factors differ from those of the classical RGS domains. An extensive mutagenesis analysis of the p115RhoGEF rgRGS domain was undertaken to determine its functional interface with the Galpha(13) subunit. Results indicate that there is global resemblance between the interaction surface of the rgRGS domain with Galpha(13) and the interactions of RGS4 and RGS9 with their Galpha substrates. However, there are distinct differences in the distribution of functionally critical residues between these structurally similar surfaces and an additional essential requirement for a cluster of negatively charged residues at the N terminus of rgRGS. Lack of sequence conservation within the N terminus may also explain the lack of GTPase-activating protein (GAP) activity in a subset of the rgRGS domains. For all mutations, loss of functional GAP activity is paralleled by decreases in binding to Galpha(13). The same mutations, when placed in the context of the p115RhoGEF molecule, produce deficiencies in GAP activity as observed with the rgRGS domain alone but show no attenuation of the regulation of Rho exchange activity by Galpha(13). This suggests that the rgRGS domain may serve a structural or allosteric role in the regulation of the nucleotide exchange activity of p115RhoGEF on Rho by Galpha(13).

PMID:
12525488
DOI:
10.1074/jbc.M212695200
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Support Center