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Biochemistry. 1976 Mar 23;15(6):1257-61.

Temperature dependence of 1,6-diphenyl-1,3,5-hexatriene fluorescence in phophoslipid artificial membranes.

Abstract

The fluorescence polarization of 1,6-diphenyl-1,3,5-hexatriene in phospholipid vesicles is a function of the physical state of the lipid. Below the phase transition, the polarization approaches the theoretical maximum for total immobilization while above the phase transition the fluorescence becomes nearly completely depolarized. The discontinuity in the temperature dependence of polarization occurs within a temperature range under 5 degrees C in the case of pure phospholipids, but for mixed phospholipids occurs over a temperature range greater than 20 degrees C. From these data, phase diagrams describing the gel-sol equilibrium can be constructed; the phase diagrams correspond well with those described in the literature which were constructed using spin-label probes or from x-ray diffraction patterns. The marked change in polarization at the phase transition may be related to the packing of the probe molecule into the lipid bilayer: fluorescence measurements on oriented bilayers indicate that below the phase transition the long axis of the probe is oriented perpendicular to the plane of the membrane while above the transition the probe is oriented randomly relative to the plane of the membrane.

PMID:
1252446
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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