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Biophys J. 2003 Jan;84(1):634-42.

The 2'-O- and 3'-O-Cy3-EDA-ATP(ADP) complexes with myosin subfragment-1 are spectroscopically distinct.

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Kanasi Advanced Research Center, Kobe 651-2492, Japan.


Ribose-modified highly-fluorescent sulfoindocyanine ATP and ADP analogs, 2'(3')-O-Cy3-EDA-AT(D)P, with kinetics similar to AT(D)P, enable myosin and actomyosin ATPase enzymology with single substrate molecules. Stopped-flow studies recording both fluorescence and anisotropy during binding to skeletal muscle myosin subfragment-1 (S1) and subsequent single-turnover decay of steady-state intermediates showed that on complex formation, 2'-O- isomer fluorescence quenched by 5%, anisotropy increased from 0.208 to 0.357, and then decayed with turnover rate k(cat) 0.07 s(-1); however, 3'-O- isomer fluorescence increased 77%, and anisotropy from 0.202 to 0.389, but k(cat) was 0.03 s(-1). Cy3-EDA-ADP.S1 complexes with vanadate (V(i)) were studied kinetically and by time-resolved fluorometry as stable analogs of the steady-state intermediates. Upon formation of the 3'-O-Cy3-EDA-ADP.S1.V(i) complex fluorescence doubled and anisotropy increased to 0.372; for the 2'-O- isomer, anisotropy increased to 0.343 but fluorescence only 6%. Average fluorescent lifetimes of 2'-O- and 3'-O-Cy3-EDA-ADP.S1.V(i) complexes, 0.9 and 1.85 ns, compare with approximately 0.7 ns for free analogs. Dynamic polarization shows rotational correlation times higher than 100 ns for both Cy3-EDA-ADP.S1.V(i) complexes, but the 2'-O-isomer only has also a 0.2-ns component. Thus, when bound, 3'-O-Cy3-EDA-ADP's fluorescence is twofold brighter with motion more restricted and turnover slower than the 2'-O-isomer; these data are relevant for applications of these analogs in single molecule studies.

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